Dog Pyometra

pyometra Familypet Vet

pyometra Familypet Vet SeafordPyometra is a condition which can affect middle aged or elderly bitches. It is an infection of the womb (uterus) and if not diagnosed promptly it can have serious results. Bitches which have never had a litter seem to be more prone to it than brood bitches, but this is not always the case.



The symptoms of pyometra are:

  1.  Loss of appetite
  2.  Raised temperature
  3.   Excessive drinking
  4. · Swollen abdomen.

Frequently there is an evil smelling discharge of pus from the vagina (vulva) and the bitch seems to be constantly attractive to male dogs about a month after a season and the behaviour of other dogs will draw one’s attention to it. This is called an open pyometra.

If the womb (uterus) remains closed the pus will accumulate and the abdomen become swollen and hard. This is called a closed pyometra and more dangerous condition than where there is a discharge. An operation is needed to remove the uterus.

The operation at Familypet Vet is the same as sterilisation however the womb will be inflammed, infected and in some cases filled with pus. We will start with a bloodtest to make sure all the major organs are still functioning. On top of that the pus in your dogs body has been poisoning her from the inside out so this would make the operation more risky and she might have to go on an IV drip to flush out some of the toxins before the vet operates on your dog.

Some of the closed pyometras we have seen are a few kg in weight  so once this is out of your dogs body she will feel that much better.

If you have got any more questions then just contact us at

Familypet Vet Mclaren Vale 08 83238522

Who is in Charge?

seafordvet-dot trainingDogs are social creatures. In a wild state, they live as part of a pack that works as an effective hunting and puppy-rearing unit. Conflict is rare, and although much ritual posturing and communication goes on to ensure that all pack members understand the rules, pack living is harmonious.

Domestic dogs have evolved to he very different creatures from wild dogs or wolves. They live with us, in our homes, and have monopolized our hearts, too. Yet under the surface of the cuddly exterior, some of the drives that keep a wild pack together remain. Dogs, like children, need boundaries and consistency. They are unlikely to challenge rules that are always kept, but may become frustrated or confiused if those rules are sometimes permitted to be broken. Dogs regard us as their “pack leaders” and it is sensible to start off in the way you intend to continue to ensure that your dog feels secure.

Dogs, do not denote rank structure or leadership by physical force or aggression. Instead, they use subtle signals that they recognize as indicators of rank. Many of these are very useful to us, and we can adapt them to the way we live to ensure that we communicate in a way the dog understands. Not all these social signals need to be enforced all the time, but many arc simply useful ways of ensuring that your dog maintains good manners.

Children and puppies can be best friends if basic ground rules about play and handling are established.

Canine social order is fairly basic. In simple terms, the higher your rank, the more rights and privileges you are afforded. By looking at these rights from the dog’s point of view, it is possible to see why some dogs learn to work the system and take advantage of their owners.

Give attention and lots of it when you decide, not when your dog does. Some dogs develop masterly strategies to ensure that their owner walks them, pets them, and feeds them when they choose, not the other way around. Ignoring attention-seeking can be quite difficult, particularly if you have a bright dog, but if you ever wonder why you can’t make a telephone call, why your visitors never seem to stay long, or why you can’t eat your meal in peace, maybe you should think about this.

Many people don’t mind if their dog sleeps on the bed or gets on the furniture, but think about this from the dog’s point of view. Being rewarded in this way day after day is wonderful, until the day a relative comes to stay or the dog’s paws are muddy. Suddenly it is not permitted to do these things and conflict can occur. If you are going to let your dog enjoy these home comforts, make sure you can remove it with just one quiet command.

Toys are wonderful training tools but this works both ways. If you think that your dog is training you to throw the ball or play tug-o’-war whenever it asks, or if it walks off in the middle of a game to chew a toy alone, think about restructuring your games so you both benefit. Some dogs love to pit their strength against their owner when playing tug-o’-war. If yours is one of these, make sure you teach your dog to let go instantly with one quiet command.

Excercising For Dogs

Exercising for your dogs should ideally be at the same time every day. Regular habits are quickly formed and a dog will look forward to his daily outing and settle down contentedly afterwards.

I do not feel that one can definitely say exactly how far or how long exercising should take, as it entirely depends on the circumstances under which the dogs are kept.

seafordvet running dog

A very large proportion of dog breeders who only keep a small number of dogs do not have the facilities for exercising on their own premises, in which case they must be walked on a lead or taken to a park or field. If possible the dogs should have some freedom to run. Obviously the less freedom they have at home the further they must be walked. Unfortunately far too many dogs do not get enough free exercise to stretch their legs and train and develop their muscles. I know that walking is a tremendous help in that it tightens feet, strengthens pasterns and generally helps to tighten up the muscles; even so experts believe that the average person can not walk fast enough to really do a lot of good without some free ranging as well. A bicycle is excellent for exercising dogs but unfortunately in these days it is not very practical owing to increased traffic and owner and dog safety. I know people that a few years ago would cycle daily with five or six dogs loose. You can regulate your speed so that the dogs step out at a really good quick walk, not a gallop. Of all methods I think this is the most beneficial unless you are fortunate enough to be able to exercise them on horseback. However, these methods are only recommended to those people who are sufficiently isolated for it to be safe from traffic.

I am sure that during the winter in particular many dogs suffer by being confined to house or kennel whilst the owners are at work and probably do not return until dark. It is not sufficient to take them for long and exhausting walks at the week-ends and leave them shut up in small runs all the week. It is the regularity not the distance which is key.

I believe that we should see far better movement in the ring if exercising were taken more seriously. Puppies should be included at about five months onward. I repeat that a marathon is not necessary and certainly not for puppies. In the case of puppies if you have plenty of space and a fenced in field you may not need to do more than let them romp around at will. Even so I find that they are apt to return to the kennels if not actually accompanied and wait for someone to go with them. Personally I enjoy the pleasure of taking them loose across the fields every morning.


Dental Care for your Pet

cat cleaning dog teeth, Seaford dental

Pet Dental Care

cat cleaning dog teeth, Seaford dentalPets have dental diseases and problems just like you do. Many of these problems can be avoided by bringing your pet to your veterinarian for regular dental check-ups and dental cleanings.

Dental disease can be avoided

Signs of Dental Problems

  • Bad breath – one of the first signs of dental disease
  • A yellowish-brown crust of plaque on the teeth near the gum line
  • Red and swollen gums
  • Pain or bleeding when your pet eats or when the mouth or gums are touched
  • Decreased appetite or difficulty eating
  • Loose or missing teeth

Does your pet have bad breath or reddened gums?

If so, it could be from gingivitis. Gingivitis occurs when soft plaque hardens into rough, irritating tartar. Tartar build-up on your pet’s teeth can cause damage to the teeth and gums.

Periodontal Disease – Cat                        Periodontal Disease – Dog

If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to an infection called periodontal disease. This disease can cause the loss of teeth.

Close-Up of Infected Teeth Associated with Periodontal Disease

You can prevent serious dental problems from happening by making sure your pet receives dental exams at the time of each vaccination, again at six months of age, and then annually.

Dental Cleanings

Veterinary dentistry is quite different from the equivalent process in people. For most of us, caring for our teeth and gums has been part of our daily routine for as long as we can remember. Consequently, a person’s visit to the dental hygienist is relatively brief and does not require sedation. In contrast, veterinary dentistry is considerably more involved, time-consuming, and complex. It requires general anesthesia, and consequently a day’s hospitalization and the skills of several people, from veterinarians to veterinary nurses.

Predental Workup

A predental workup involves laboratory and diagnostic tests to better evaluate a pet’s current health status and to assure safe anesthesia. Current medical problems must be evaluated and any possible unknown problems must be identified prior to dentistry.

For otherwise healthy animals, we suggest a brief in-hospital blood screen on the day of the dentistry.

Teeth Cleaning

Your pet’s dental cleaning will begin with a physical examination. This is important to evaluate your pet’s general health. After the physical exam, your pet is given an anesthesia for a safe and painless sleep during the dental cleaning.

The first part of dental cleaning requires the removal of tartar. This is done with a hand scaler.

Hand Scaling Dog’s Teeth

Next, a periodontal probe checks for pockets under the gumline where periodontal disease and bad breath starts. A mechanical scaler is used to clean above the gumline while a curette cleans and smoothes the teeth under the gumline in the crevice.

Your pet’s teeth are polished, creating a smooth surface. The gums are washed with an anti- bacterial solution to help delay tartar build-up both under the gumline and on the crown of the tooth.

Polishing of Teeth

Home prevention

Dental care does not end with a visit to your veterinarian. You need to continue your veterinarian’s good work at home. Brushing your pet’s teeth is an important part of home dental care. The staff at Familypet Vet clinic will show you the proper method of brushing your Dog’s teeth.

Give your pet complete dental care

Annual veterinary dental care and home dental care will help keep your pet’s breath fresh and gums and teeth healthy. Your pet’s smile and healthier life will be equaled by your smile and pride in a job well done.


Dental Care Q & A


After the examination for any retained “baby teeth” which is performed at six months, your pet should have an annual checkup for dental health when it receives its yearly booster vaccines.


Cavities are not as common in pets, but do occur occasionally. Frequently in cats “subgingival caries” may form, when the gum lines have receded excessively, exposing the dentine layer that is much softer than enamel.



The most common cause of bad breath is excessive tartar deposits on the teeth. Bacteria feed and live in the tartar and produce offensive odors. Tartar is a crusty collection of food particles, minerals, and bacteria that forms at the tooth/gum borders. However, metabolic diseases such as kidney disease, diabetes, etc. can also produce halitosis.


Yes. As tartar accumulates at the gum line, it causes gum recession and inflammation or “gingivitis”. This allows bacteria in the tartar to infect and loosen the base of the tooth, causing periodontal disease. In pets, periodontal disease may lead to an infection of the heart (endocarditis) and/or of other organs, as also may occur in people. Inflammation of the gums and infection of the teeth can cause your pet considerable pain, and his/her appetite and general attitude may deteriorate.


Feed your pet a well-balanced, commercial diet. Brushing the teeth is an excellent way to check tartar build-up, though once hard plaque has developed, your pet may require a dentistry. Brushing with C.E.T., a flavored toothpaste designed for pets, 2-3 times weekly, discourages tartar build-up.

For dogs, Booda bones, Nylabones, or large rawhide chew toys are also helpful as preventative and also aid in stimulation of the gums. If your pet does not let you brush the teeth, you may use one of the pre-made mouthwashes e.g. Nolvadent. Alternatively, if you cannot provide maintenance, you may need to have us perform full dental scaling and polishing on a more frequent basis.


Dentistry is required when hardened tartar deposits have occurred and/or when periodontal disease is present. It is also required when substantial mouth odor exists, which indicates infection or decay even if it is not readily apparent.


This depends on diet, dental alignment, amount of gum recession that has already occurred, and future care of the teeth. Smaller breeds tend to develop tartar much more quickly; in most cases this is a genetic predisposition and not something the owner can readily modify. However, the degree to which the owner provides ongoing dental prophylaxis heavily influences the outcome!



Healthcare for your Pets

labrador/dog healthcare

Preventative Pet Healthcare

labrador/dog healthcare


Vaccinations have been one of the great triumphs in veterinary medicine. Many once common, deadly and highly infectious diseases ( Parvovirus and Distemper in Dogs and Feline Leukemia in Cats) have almost been eliminated in areas where vaccination rates are high. If you would do one thing only for your dog, cat or rabbit, then vaccination would be it.

Parasite Prevention

Responsible parasite treatment eliminates risks for your pet and people. The modern treatments we use offer an unbeatable combination of effectiveness, convenience and affordability. Choosing the right one for your pet is as easy as one-two-three with our parasite planning service.

And now you can set up online reminders or reminders on your smart phone so you never miss a dose again.

Nutritional Advice

We are what we eat, and one cannot stress enough how important the right diet is. At Familypet vet we recommend and stock the Hill’s pet food range, this is one of the pet foods we feel offers fantastic value and taste without compromising quality.

Health Assessments

Just as more and more people are getting proactive about their own healthcare, so it is with pets. Familypet Vet offer the following life stage health checkups for your pet.

  1. Puppy Health Check-ups – to make sure the new member of your family gets off to the best start possible. Lots of changes occur in their first year. They grow rapidly and need different food every few weeks to adjust to their growth rate. They change all their baby teeth in adult teeth, Their coat changes. Then there is the desexing. Our Nurses and Vets at Familypet Vet will be there every step of the way to help and guide you. We offer puppy preschool for 4 weeks in the first few weeks they are in your life.
  2. Annual Health Check-ups (1 til 6Years old)

We recommend your pet sees the vet at least once every year. They will need vaccination every year and we can keep an eye on their progress as they mature and settle into a normal routine in your house. We need to stay on top of their weight, Teeth health, any behavioral issues that might creep up and anything else that might concern you.

  1. Senior Health Check-ups (From 7 years)

Kidney disease, arthritis and dental problems are only some of the conditions that can affect a pet as it ages. At Familypet Vet when your pet turns 7 we offer a full health check plus blood and urine tests to spot problems early. This is all part of our full service we provide for your pet.

Breeding Services

For responsible breeders we can offer a variety of options:

  • Premate testing – to help time your visit to the stud dog better.
  • Pregnancy diagnosis – blood tests, ultrasound and Xray is used.
  • Kennel Club Hip and Elbow Scores.
  • 24/7 emergency service in case a Caesarian section is required.
  • Whelping/Kittening advice.

We are here for you.

Please call

Familypet Vet Mclaren Vale ( close to Seaford) Call 08 83238522

Best Tips on Cat Behaviour

We all knows cats can be elusive and quirky creatures. Your cat probably spends a great deal of time alone, making it difficult for you to notice or understand whether your cat is behaving strangely or just being their normal cat self. When looking for potential health or mental issues with a feline,At Familypet Vet we have found it is important to recognise which behaviours are normal for a cat or alarming enough to need medical intervention. These are the signs you should watch for. If you are at all concerned about your cats behaviour and are living in Seaford or near Seaford call us at our Mclaren Vale veterinary Clinic on 08 8323 8522

This is the list of 10 behaviours to watch for

1. Sudden aggressive behaviour toward food or belongings
2. Excessive grooming to the point of causing baldness or constant hairballs
3. Lack of appetite or lack of thirst
4. Involuntary urination when approached by other animals or humans
5. Different meow or different pitch and tone
6. Consistent distress shown by excessive vocal calling or even spitting or hissing
7. Possible seizure activity or spastic movement
8. Refuses to use litter box and consistently voids in inappropriate places
9. Rubs head against walls and hard surfaces or walks directly into objects
10. Unusual stance or gait with legs straddled

What is normal cat behaviour

If your cat’s behaviour strikes you as not quite normal, it can be hard to know when it is time to get help. At Familypet Vet we found that if a cat loses weight, vomits or diarrhea, behaves lethargically or changes temperament or behaviour dramatically, it may be time to seek help. At Familypet Vet Seaford, we suggest that if none of these alarming symptoms occur or if disappear on their own, watch your cat, taking notes for future reference

Your cat and the outdoors

At  Familypet Vet Seaford we know that sometimes your cat may just be having a bad day. Watch out for big and consistent changes in your cat’s behaviour – anything out of the ordinary will be a guide for determining medical or psychological distress. At our vet clinic we have observed the more time your cat spends outside, the more likely your cat will need medical help. Cats that spend more time outside eat other animals, roam in the streets and basically indulge in the independent life are more prone to accidents.

Like all cat lovers, Familypet Vet knows outside cats are at higher risk of being exposed to dangerous toxins, poisons, hit and run accidents and much more. Vet Seaford suggests you keep a close eye on your cat and its behaviour and health, seeking help from your local vet if necessary.vetseaford